劉東瑋.The factors associated with depression in schizophrenia patients: the role of self-efficacy, self-esteem, hope and resilience
The factors associated with depression in schizophrenia patients: the role of self-efficacy, self-esteem, hope and resilience
摘要 Previous studies have shown a significant correlation between depression, resilience, self-efficacy, self-esteem and hope among schizophrenia patients, but few studies have examined the mechanisms among these factors. This study aimed to analyse the relationships among resilience, self-efficacy, self-esteem and hope as influencing factors of depression in schizophrenia patients. A cross-sectional study was conducted, and 361 schizophrenia patients were recruited. They were interviewed about their self-efficacy, self-esteem, hope, resilience and depressive symptoms. A structural equation model was used to examine the direct and indirect associations between them. The global model showed good model fit and the structural equation model revealed that the direct pathway of resilience on depression was significant, and the indirect pathway of self-efficacy, self-esteem and hope on depression via resilience was also significant. Notably, self-efficacy, self-esteem and hope did not directly affect depressive symptoms. These findings support the mediating model of self-efficacy, self-esteem and hope relevant to the depressive symptoms of schizophrenia patients in China, in which resilience plays a pivotal role. These findings elucidate the factors which may be associated with depressive symptoms and imply that enhancing resilience in people with schizophrenia could be beneficial. Moreover, studies with detailed longitudinal assessments are necessary to confirm these findings.
Psychology health & medicine